ICTs and Climate Change Mitigation in Developing Countries
Urgent action is required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Developing countries overall are significant emitters, and they must maximise use of ICTs in three ways:
- Green ICT: reducing the emissions from production and use of ICTs themselves.
- Smart ICT: using ICTs in other sectors – energy, buildings, transportation, logistics, manufacture and forestry – to shrink their carbon footprint.
- Community ICT: applying ICTs at community level to reduce energy consumption and substitute for journeys.
Developing countries have an opportunity to leapfrog to low carbon solutions, and to reduce operating costs alongside carbon emissions by investing in emitigation. However, they face
important challenges: lack of awareness, capital, skills, appropriate technology, and appropriate market/policy regimes.
Action is therefore needed by:
- International organisations: to incorporate ICTs more clearly into lowcarbon technology transfer and financing.
- Governments: to build capacity and partnerships, and to create a business environment that incentivises both innovation and adoption of emitigation applications.
Businesses: to develop new emitigation solutions appropriate to developing countries, and to drive adoption of such solutions within their entire supply chain.